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    當前位置首頁 > 職場法則

    英語中全部修辭手法解釋和例句

    閱讀次數:21458 次  來源:管理員  發布時間:

    11、Irony 反語

    反語指用相反意義的詞來表達意思的作文方式.如在指責過失.錯誤時,用贊同過失的說法,而在表揚時,則近乎責難的說法.

    例如:

    ①It would be a fine thing indeed not knowing what time it was in the morning.

    早上沒有時間觀念還真是一件好事?。ㄕ鎸嵑x是應該明確早上的時間觀念)

    ②"Of course, you only carry large notes, no small change on you. "the waiter said to the beggar.

    12、Pun 雙關

    雙關就是用一個詞在句子中的雙重含義,借題發揮.作出多種解釋,旁敲側擊,從而達到意想不到的幽默.滑稽效果.它主要以相似的詞形.詞意和諧音的方式出現.

    例如:

    ①She is too low for a high praise, too brown for a fair praise and too little for a great praise.

    ②An ambassador is an honest man who lies abroad for the good of his country.

    ③If we don't hang together, we shall hang separately.

    13、Parody 仿擬

    這是一種模仿名言.警句.諺語,改動其中部分詞語,從而使其產生新意的修辭.

    例如:

    ①Rome was not built in a day, nor in a year.

    ②A friend in need is a friend to be avoided.

    ③If you give a girl an inch nowadays she will make address of it.

    14、Rhetorical question 修辭疑問(反問)

    它與疑問句的不同在于它并不以得到答復為目的,而是以疑問為手段,取得修辭上的效果,其特點是:肯定問句表示強烈否定,而否定問句表示強烈的肯定.它的答案往往是不言而喻的.

    例如:

    ①How was it possible to walk for an hour through the woods and see nothing worth of note?

    ②Shall we allow those untruths to go unanswered?

    15、Antithesis 對照,對比,對偶

    這種修辭指將意義完全相反的語句排在一起對比的一種修辭方法.

    例如:

    ①Not that I loved Caeser less but that I loved Romemore.

    ②You are staying; I am going.

    ③Give me liberty, or give me death.

    16、Paradox 雋語

    這是一種貌似矛盾,但包含一定哲理的意味深長的說法,是一種矛盾修辭法..

    例如:

    ①More haste, less speed.欲速則不達

    ②The child is the father to the man.(童年時代可決定人之未來)三歲看大,四歲看老。

    17、Oxymoron 反意法,逆喻

    這也是一種矛盾修辭法,用兩種不相調和的特征形容一個事物,以不協調的搭配使讀者領悟句中微妙的含義.

    例如:

    ①No light, but rather darkness visible.沒有光亮,黑暗卻清晰可見

    ②The state of this house is cheerless welcome.

    18、Climax 漸進法,層進法

    這種修辭是將一系列詞語按照意念的大小.輕重.深淺.高低等逐層漸進,最后達到頂點.可以增強語勢,逐漸加深讀者印象.

    例如:

    ①I am sorry, I am so sorry, I am so extremely sorry.

    ②Eye had not seen nor ear heard, and nothing had touched his heart of stone.

    19、Anticlimax 漸降法

    與climax相反的一種修辭法,將一系列詞語由大到小,由強到弱地排列.

    例如:

    ①On his breast he wears his decorations, at his side a sword, on his feet a pair of boots.

    ②The duties of a soldier are to protect his country and peel potatoes.

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